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local stateless session hello


Stateless sessions make database queries and updates robust by setting transaction boundaries at each business method. Thisstateless sessionbean example annotates a single business method with a SUPPORTS transaction attribute, marking the method as a read-only transaction boundary.

Demo

A Hello, World example for EJB 3.0 is much simpler than for earlier versions of EJB. To implement the EJB you need to implement:

  • A local interface
  • The bean implementation

To configure Resin to be a server for the EJB you need to:

  • Configure the ejb-stateless-bean
  • Inject the bean into the application servlet

In this tutorial, a simple "Hello" EJB is created and deployed within Resin.

Files in this tutorial

FILEDESCRIPTION
WEB-INF/web.xmlweb.xml configuration
WEB-INF/classes/example/Hello.javaThe local interface for the stateless session bean
WEB-INF/classes/example/HelloBean.javaThe implementation for the stateless session bean
WEB-INF/classes/example/HelloServlet.javaThe client for the stateless session bean

Local Interface

The remote interface defines the client view of the bean. It declares all the business methods. Our only business method is thehellomethod.

Hello.java
package example;

public interface Hello {
  public String hello();
}

Bean Implementation

The second class for EJBs is the bean implementation class. It implements the functionality provided by the remote interface.

HelloBean.java
package example;

import javax.ejb.Stateless;
import javax.ejb.TransactionAttribute;
import static javax.ejb.TransactionAttributeType.SUPPORTS;

import javax.inject.Named;

@Stateless
public class HelloBean implements Hello {
  @Inject @Named("greeting")
  private String _greeting;

  @TransactionAttribute(SUPPORTS)
  public String hello()
  {
    return _greeting;
  }
}

@Stateless

The @Stateless annotation marks the bean as a stateless session bean. Resin will create a stub implementingHelloand store it in the Java Injection directory with typeHelloand name@Name("HelloBean").

The @Stateless annotation can have an optionalnamevalue which overrides the default name of "HelloBean".

@Name

The@com.caucho.config.Nameannotation tells Resin to lookup the greetingStringin Java Injection directory using Resin's internal @Name binding "greeting" when the session bean is created.

In this example, the greeting is configured with an <env-entry> in the web.xml.

Alternate Dependency Injection

In some cases, it may be clearer to configure the session bean directly, rather than using Java Injection injection. Instead of creating a separate <env-entry>, you can configure the greeting value using XML straight from the resin-web.xml file.

resin-web.xml
<web-app xmlns="http://caucho.com/ns/resin">

  <qa:TestBean xmlns:qa="urn:java:qa">
    <qa:greeting>Hello, World from web.xml</qa:greeting>
  </qa:TestBean>

</web-app>

@TransactionAttribute

Managing transactions is the primary purpose of stateless session beans. Transactions are a more powerful version of asynchronizedlock used to protect database integrity.@TransactionAttributemarks the transaction boundary for each business method.

@javax.ejb.TransactionAttribute(SUPPORTS)
public String hello()

Thehello()business method uses SUPPORTS because it's a read-only method. It doesn't need to start a new transaction on its own, but will participate in any transaction that already exists.

The REQUIRED transaction value starts up a new transaction if none already exists. It's used when updating database values.

TRANSACTIONATTRIBUTEMEANING
REQUIREDStart a new transaction if necessary
SUPPORTSDon't start a new transaction, but use one if it exists

Configuring the EJB stateless bean

<ee:Stateless>configure the session bean from the resin-web.xml. The <ee:Stateless> entry will look at the bean's annotations to enhance the class.

ejb-stateless-bean in web.xml
<web-app xmlns="http://caucho.com/ns/resin"
          xmlns:qa="urn:java:qa"
          xmlns:lang="urn:java:java.lang"
          xmlns:ee="urn:java:ee">

  <lang:String ee:Named="greeting">
    Hello, World
  </lang:String>

  <qa:TestBean>
    <ee:Stateless/>
  </qa:TestBean>
  
</web-app>

The <qa:TestBean> can optionally configure the bean directly with its properites as described in the alternate dependency injection section.

Client

HelloServlet.java
import javax.inject.Inject;

public class HelloServlet extends GenericServlet {
  @Inject private Hello _hello;

  public void service(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse res)
    throws IOException, ServletException
  {
    PrintWriter out = res.getWriter();
    
    out.println(_hello.hello());
  }
}

@EJB

The@Injectannotation tells Resin to look for aHellocomponent in the Java Injection repository.

The servlet could also lookup the Hello bean with JNDI in theinit()method or use an <init> configuration in the web.xml:

alternative configuration
<web-app xmlns="http://caucho.com/ns/resin">

<servlet servlet-name="hello" servlet-class="example.HelloServlet">
  <init hello="${Hello}"/>
</servlet>

Demo


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